In the alicyclic ring C, compounds with the double bond in the L':,1_, L':,6_, or
L':,3-position are active Cannabis Cannabis
sensi seeds nl
0) for the respondents to be
using alcohol less frequently in the last six months than in their total alcohol-drinking career.
USE OF ALCOHOL RATHER THAN MARIJUANA
PERCENT OF TIMES ALCOHOL WOULD BE
CHOSEN RATHER THAN MARIJUANA
PERCENTAGE OF USERS
0%, Never 43%
Note.—The percentages in this table do not add up to exactly
100% due to rounding errors and/or some users' skipping the question.
In general, we may describe our 150 users as a predominantly young, highly educated group of California
college students, with a high interest in self-improvement (meditation or therapy), considerable experience
with other psychedelic drugs, and little experience with narcotics. Most of them used marijuana once a week or
(9 of 10)4/15/2004 7:03:58 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 4
more during the six-month period covered by this study.
1. It is my personal impression from informal and teaching contact with many students that the sample, while
rather avant garde for 1968, would be fairly typical now. A Gallup poll taken as this book went to press reported
that 42 percent of college students polled said they had used marijuana, compared with only 5 percent when the
same question was asked in 1967 (see Newsweek, January 25, 1971, p. 52). (back)
2. In retrospect, asking about oral amphetamines was poorly done, as the question does not distinguish the
typical college student who uses low doses to help himself study from the high-dose user who wishes to radically
alter his state of consciousness. (back)
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(10 of 10)4/15/2004 7:03:58 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 5
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On Being Stoned
Charles T. Tart, Ph. D.
Chapter 5. Methods of Analysis
ALL OF THE CHAPTERS in Part II, Phenomenology of Marijuana Intoxication, are organized along the
same general plan, for the convenience of the reader. I shall outline the basic plan, give definitions of
terms, and present descriptions of methods here.
Each chapter consists of the results of potential effect descriptions (questions, items) dealing with a
single area, such as vision, thought processes, etc. Within each chapter are subgroupings of related
For each question I have given: (1) the actual wording used in the questionnaire; (2) the percentage1
of users responding in each of the frequency of occurrence and minimal level of intoxication categories;
and (3) differences in the effect related to the background variables when such differences were
When the wording of a question does not completely explain the nature of the effect, I have added
explanatory comments, based on my interviews with pilot subjects
This procedure provides a new method of derivatizing the allylic
7-methyl group of bol-THC and the synthetic sequence to 7-hydroxy-bol-THC 64
from bol-THC (1) is shown in Chart 1 In addition a large variety of heterocyclic analogs have been
Shayana cannabis -- Sunday, December 21, 2014 4:52:49 PM
1-THCs are first formed (Chart 1
ariables in affecting the nature of the intoxicated state: "Being with people who
are much higher than I am (as from their being on acid or much more stoned on grass) gets me higher even
though I don't smoke any more grass." This is a common effect (13%, 13%, 32%, 23%, 15%), which may
occur even at the lowest levels of intoxication (23%, 22%, 26%, 5%, 2%).
Other relevant phenomena for understanding social interaction are the loss of short-term memory, the feeling
that this does not seriously impair the user's ability to carry on an intelligent conversation, and the feeling of
having said things that were not actually said (discussed in Chapter 14), as well as various alterations in other
cognitive phenomena (discussed in Chapter 15).
NEGATIVE EFFECTS ON SOCIAL INTERACTION
There were four effects studied that seem predominantly negative. The first of these is "I feel isolated from
things around me, as if there were some kind of barrier or glass wall between me and the world, muting
everything coming in and partially isolating me," a common effect (29%, 21%, 33%, 14%, 3%). The
Meditators experience this less often (p <.01, overall). It may occur at the Strong and Very Strong levels (4%,
11%, 22%, 21%, 9%).
Another infrequent effect is "I get somewhat paranoid about the people with me; I am suspicious about what
(6 of 12)4/15/2004 7:16:23 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 12
they're doing" (20%, 38%, 31%, 7%, 4%). Non-users of Psychedelics experience it more frequently (p <.01).
This also may occur at the Strong and Very Strong levels (9%, 15%, 21%, 24%, 7%). The Meditators tend to
experience paranoid feelings at lower levels of intoxication (p <.05, overall).
What may be an even more extreme cutting-off from social relationships is the rare phenomenon, "Other
people seem dead, lifeless, as if they were robots, when I'm stoned" (49%, 27%, 18%, 5%, 0%). This effect
may begin occurring from the moderately intoxicated level on up in the users who could rate it (3%, 11%, 13%,
14%, 6%). Users of Psychedelics may experience it at lower levels (p <.05).
An infrequent negative effect of the group on the user is "I am very strongly influenced by the social
situation set up by my companions, so I will do whatever they are doing, even if it is something I don't want to
do or wouldn't do normally" (33%, 38%, 23%, 3%, 0%). This is reported as occurring more frequently by
Males (p <.05). Weekly users also have it occur more frequently than Occasional or Daily users (p < .05). In
retrospect, this question is hard to interpret, as it does not specify how undesirable the actions are that a group
might pressure the user into doing. A highly relevant question, dealt with fully in Chapter 17, is "I lose control
of my actions and do antisocial things (actions that harm other people) that I wouldn't normally do." This is
one of the rarest phenomena reported, with 77 percent saying Never, 22 percent Rarely, and only one user
, inserted in place ofC-1 or C-5