Google.Com ????? ?????
. Felonious possession of narcotics. Selling narcotics. For being a
whore. For being the madam of a whorehouse. For running a con game.
I'm not a thief..., but when you have a $185-a-day habit of cocaine and
heroin, no legitimate job can support it.
Look at me.... I'm a fifty-year-old hippie. Every vein is collapsed. I must
carry my stigma all my life, a card that warns the doctor he must never try
to give me a shot of anything, that only the vein in my neck can be used to
take blood out if necessary....
I was finishing six months as an habitual user in New York. I gave an
"honest" cop $10 to slip a letter out to my connection, Porkchop, in East
Harlem. I told Porkchop to meet me when I got out, to have a fix ready, I
couldn't go out on the street without it.
He was waiting for me. I went into a phone booth and right through my
clothing I gave myself a shot. Just then a police matron came in to make a
call, and she busted me. Another six months—a year, back to back. And I
started to get scared.
I was forty-six years old. I couldn't go out and hustle. There are twentyyear-
olds doing that. I couldn't shoplift; my mug is known in every store
from Klein's to De Pinna. I was a five-time loser, I could get fifteen to
thirty years. I didn't get smart. I got scared....
Here I am. I loused up a complete lifetime. I'm starting a new life and I'm
The revelation of this talk was not simply that someone could become a junkie and live
a life of degradation and infamy; it was that pot was the front door to this downfall. "All I
did was start with pot," the ex-addict explained. "At the university I fell in love and
(3 of 24)4/15/2004 1:07:52 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 8
married a musician.... My husband smoked pot, and what my love did, I did." When asked
by a sophisticated student about the "statistics on marijuana leading to drug addiction,"
Will you believe me if I tell you that I know junkies after twenty-three years
of living in the gutter with them? Will you believe me when I tell you that I
don't know any junkie that started on horse, that they all started on pot?
I don't know statistics, but I know a thousand junkies, and I tell you that
they all started on marijuana. Using drugs is sheer stupidity....4
The question before us, then, is what do the studies on multiple drug use tell us about
the likelihood of "progressing" from marijuana to more potent drugs, such as heroin?
Multiple Drug Use among 200 Marijuana Smokers
In my questionnaire, I asked interviewees what drugs other than marijuana they had
taken at least once to become high. With two specific drugs, heroin and LSD, I also asked
how often they had ever taken them. I excluded those drugs taken for strictly utilitarian
purposes, such as amphetamine pills taken for dietary reasons or for studying. Needless to
say, the fact that a given individual, or a certain percentage of the sample, ever took one or
another drug at l
??? ???? ?? EMail google.com,
??? ??? ?? EMail google.com,
??? ????? ?? EMail google.com,
??? ?????? ?? EMail google.com,
??? ????? ?? Email Google.Com,
??? ?? ?? EMail google.com, ??
??? ????? google.com , EMail google.com ??
??? google.com ,
??? EMail google.com ??
??? , , GOOGLE.COM EMAIL ?? GOOGLE.COM EMAIL , 3
ion C ion b
lstr , 19,445 (1976) and references cited therein
119a R =H
b R= Ts 120 t,5-THC
??? ??? ?? Email Google.Com -- Wednesday, September 19, 2018 3:41:39 PM
??? ?????? ?? EMail google.com
ut the way most users and sellers are arrested, the trend of arrests, and their
disposition, should not be radically different from that of the other states.
Detection of marijuana violations is typically extremely difficult. There is no victim and
no complainant, so that systematic surveillance techniques inherently involve a certain
loss of civil liberties. The success of any police venture is determined by various
situational features having to do with the kinds of crimes that they are attempting to detect
and prevent. For instance, it is obvious that acts conducted by two consenting adults who
have a long-term relationship with one another, and who have no incentive to punish or
discredit one another, conducted in privacy, are highly unlikely to be detected and
sanctioned. On the other hand, acts perpetrated on many people by one person, previously
unknown to them, in public, which they define as harmful, are highly likely to be detected,
and the perpetrator punished for his act. Marijuana use, for instance, is clearly of the
former type. It is generally conducted among intimates or semi-intimates, all of whom are
compliant, in private; moreover, it rarely incurs negative consequences, at least in the
microcosm of the single act of smoking during a single evening.
We would expect the ratio of undetected to detected acts relating to marijuana
violations to be extremely high. Among our 204 respondents, we have a total of literally
hundreds of thousands of instances of use, several thousand cases of sale and purchase,
(6 of 31)4/15/2004 1:08:37 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 11
and tens of thousands of days of possession. That seven cases were brought to the
attention of the law enforcement authorities indicates the low degree of access the police
have to marijuana crimes. If we compare marijuana infractions with a high-access and
high-victimization crime, such as murder, the contrast is dramatically clear. A tiny
fraction of marijuana crimes, probably less than one one-hundredth of 1 percent, are
detected with the violator arrested. With murder, probably over go percent of all violators
are arrested and brought to trial.9 Even if we compare marijuana with another crime
without a victim, narcotics possession and sale, the incidence of detection is extremely
low. The narcotics addict must purchase heroin several times a day, in public. Even the
heavy user of marijuana who does not sell for a profit will make a purchase once a month
or so—one one-hundredth as often as the junkie—probably from a close friend, in an
apartment, in a calm emotional atmosphere. He is, therefore, far less likely to be detected,
and far less likely to be arrested.
It is therefore apparent that the police face serious logistic problems in apprehending
the marijuana seller and user. To transcend the limitations and restrictions surrounding
them, special efforts at detection must be made. Generally, the police have three methods
Handrick, and H Yeahgooglecom igure—i.e., the total number of users we are making the comparison with.) Since a small
percentage of marijuana arrests were arrested before—two-thirds of the 1967 California
arrestees had no prior arrest record and a fifth had a "minor" record—we are not struck at
once by any evidence of obvious recidivism. Over a third of the heroin arrestees in
California and almost two-thirds of the "narcotic addict or user" arrests had either a major
record or a prison sentence in his past. We know then that an immense percentage of
heroin users are not "rehabilitated." We cannot draw such an obvious inference with
marijuana users, since recidivistic arrests are so much lower for them.
In the absence of proper data, some guessing here may be justified. I would suspect that
they use marijuana less after their arrest than they would have had they not been arrested.
How much less? Two-thirds? Half? Enough to make it worthwhile? If rehabilitation is an
(21 of 31)4/15/2004 1:08:37 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 11
absolute goal, then any degree of reduction is a positive gain. Viewed in this light, the
laws are effective, merely because they bring about some degree of reduction in use. In
this special sense, the judges may be right.
Some penologists are of the opinion that incarceration may have a subtle criminogenic
effect. By being sent to prison along with professional criminals, drug addicts, and the
violent, a lawbreaker with little or no commitment to crime as a "way of life" will absorb
many attitudes, practices, and skills which will contribute to their post-release criminality.
In a sense, prisons train people to become criminals. There is no doubt that this process
occurs with juvenile delinquents. I suspect that marijuana users are well-insulated and
sufficiently emotionally involved in their own subculture, which basically frowns on
professional and violent forms of criminality, to be to some degree immune from such
influences. Perhaps, however, this applies only to the middle-class, college-educated
marijuana smoker who finds himself in prison. Blumer, in a study of marijuana in the
ghetto, claims that a prison term is decisive in turning an ordinary pothead to a life of
The player is to be seen... as an enterprising member of the adolescent drug
world, alive to opportunities to get money by small-time dealing in drugs,
ready to engage in a variety of other illicit sources of monetary profit, and
strongly attracted toward moving into a full time job of hustling by
associating with hustlers and learning of their hustling practices. It should
be noted here that the most effective way of getting such practical work
knowledge is through prison experience. If he is incarcerated he is likely to
be thrown into contact with older and more experienced hustlers who, if
they identify him as safe and acceptable, are almost certain to pass on
accounts of their experience.
We suspect that prison in